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Learning to count in Korean is easy. And after this lesson you will be a master of Korean numbers! But I see you're dying to get started, so let's start with the Korean numbers 1-10:
- 1 label (Illinois)
- 2: die (you)
- 3:3 (Sam)
- 4 (four (e)
- 5: Aj (o)
- 6: six (Juhu)
- 7: cold (Type)
- 8: Arm (Type)
- 9: novo (Gu)
- 10: dez (I bring)
That's your quick answer. But read on, because there are actuallyFromCounting in Korean: The Sino-Korean Numbering System and the Native Korean Numbering System.
We have a lot of material to cover, so here's what you can expect:
- Korean Numbers 1-10: Counting in Korean Using Native Chinese and Korean Numbers
- Korean numbers 10-20
- Korean numbers from 1 to 100 (with graph!)
- Big Korean numbers: 1 - 1 trillion!
- korean ordinal numbers
- Korean days of the month
- Korean Counters: How to Count Objects in Korean
- How to Say "Number" in Korean + Useful Vocabulary
- korean lucky numbers
Learning numbers and counting in Korean will help you improve your Korean skills and speak easily. After all, we use numbers in most conversations! While there's a lot to learn, it's easy to pick up and remember because you'll be using it so often.
By the way, I recommendLearn to read Korean Hangulbefore starting. It will help you immensely with your pronunciation.
And here's a little video I made about it:
Ready to dive in? Come on!
Korean Numbers 1 to 10: Counting in Korean
Let's start with the basics, the Korean numbers 1-10. Eventually, these are the numbers you'll use the most. Whether you're ordering a table for two or "one of these please", we tend to use smaller numbers in everyday life.
So whether you're short on time or just trying to use the 80/20 vocabulary rule, these are the Korean number words you'll be using the most.
The only challenge? There isFromKorean writing systems: Sino-Korean numbers and native Korean numbers.
(If you've learned Japanese before, this might not surprise you.The Japanese numbers are the same..)
Why two systems?
Well, China has influenced both Japanese and Korean writing systems. Both languages originally used Chinese characters, but later created their own native writing systems: Korean Hangul and Japanese Kana.
Although they developed their own spelling, they both maintained it.chinese characters🇧🇷 You see it in Hanja (Chinese characters) in Korean.
So let's take a look at China's system first.
Korean numbers: sino
We have already seen the Sino-Korean numbers, also known as the China system:
- 1 label (Illinois)
- 2: die (you)
- 3:3 (Sam)
- 4 (four (e)
- 5: Aj (o)
- 6: six (Juhu)
- 7: cold (Type)
- 8: Arm (Type)
- 9: novo (Gu)
- 10: dez (I bring)
I like to usea mnemonicMemorize the vocabulary, and it's easy here.
For example, in Korean 일 (Illinois) can mean "one" or "work". I remember this saying: "Today I go to work at one." "I will" is likeIllinois, and includedbothVocabulary words. Victory!
You could also pile them up in the same mnemonic: "Oh, yuck. Easy bro, you spit when you talk. Try counting to calm down... That's it... 5, 6, 7, 8..." First four words they sound like the Korean words for 5, 6, 7 and 8. I came up with a specific image: a guy who is super mad, he's spitting as he talks, so I tell him to count to 10 to cool his squirts.
They use the Sino-Korean number system for things like counting money, math, measuring, month names and phone numbers. It is also used to talk about time in days, weeks or years, but not the time on the clock.
Korean numbers: Native
Now let's learn the Korean number system. From 1 to 10 is:
- 1 like (hana, but is usually abbreviated as 한 ores)
- 2: two (to walk)
- 3 three (adjusted to)
- 4 (four (The net)
- 5: cinco (daseot)
- 6: six (If you)
- 7 (seven (language)
- 8: act (Yodeol)
- 9: novo (ahop)
- 10: heat (y)
You can also use mnemonics here. For example: "I put 3 plates on the table."
If you know other languages, you can also use them to help with mnemonics!HannaIn Korean it means "one", but "hana" in Japanese means "flower". I remember him thinking, "Hana Hana: a flower!"
Find what works for you and take your time here. Memorizing those 10s in both systems will help you with every number in the future!
Korean native numbers are used to talk about time in time (but not days, months or years), age, and counting things and people. In fact, that is its main purpose: to count things.
You'll use this number system most often with Korean words called "counters". They help to count different categories of objects or things like people, books or cars. We'll talk about that in a moment.
Korean numbers 10-20
Counting from 10 to 20 is easy. In Korean, numbers are "stacked" on top of each other to create larger numbers. You start with the number "tens" and then add the number "ones". This applies to both counting systems. Here is an example:
Chinese: ten (I bring, „10“) + Label (Illinois, "one") = ten days (Civil, "elf")
Native: column (y, "10") + equals (hana, „eins“) = leprechaun (yoolhana)
Based on that, how do you think you're doing 12?
You are right, it is 십 (I bring, „10“) + data (you, "2") = candy (up until, "12"). Or, in native Korean, 열 (y, "10") + dos (to walk, "2") = candy (Shit, „12“).
In the Bell system, once you get to the next "ten", which would be 20, you stack the number "one".frontthe ten". So it will be "two tens".
More: Das (you, "2") + dez (I bring, "10") = twenty (geist, „20“)
But,This changes in the native Korean system.🇧🇷 Instead, "20" becomes 스물 (a soma🇧🇷 You still stack the numbers the same way between the "tens". But just like English with "twenty, thirty, forty", every word "ten" changes in native Korean.
Korean numbers, a table from 1 to 100:
For Chinese-Korean numbers, we use the same stacking method up to 100. So the only new word you need to learn to count up to 100 is 100!
hundreds (baek) means "100" in Korean. And from then on, you would only use Sino-Korean numbers. After 99, Native American numbers are no longer used, so you don't need to know them.
Anyway, here are the numbers from 1 to 100 in the Sino-Korean system:
|Chinese-Korean numbers: 1-100|
|5||to wake up)|
|6||seconds (let's go)|
|11||ten days (wheezing)|
|21||twenty days (isipil)|
|31||thirty days (samsipil)|
|41||forty days (sasipil)|
|42||forty two (sasipi)|
|47||forty seven (sasipchil)|
|48||forty eight (sasippal)|
|51||fifty days (Osipil)|
|59||fifty nine (osipgu)|
|61||60 Thomas (yuxipil)|
|64||sixty four (yuksipsa)|
|70||setenta (chile ip)|
|71||seventy days (chilsipil)|
|73||seventy three (chili sipseed)|
|76||seventy six (chilsipyuk)|
|77||seventy seven (chilsipchil)|
|78||seventy eight (chilsippal)|
|81||eighty days (palsipil)|
|91||ninety days (Gusipil)|
|93||ninety three (gusipsam)|
|96||ninety six (gusipyuk)|
|97||ninety seven (gusipchil)|
|98||ninety eight (gusippal)|
Now let's sum up the number of native Koreans. As we discussed, you can still stack the "ones" with the "tens". But we still need to know all the vocabulary of tens! So here they are, 10-90:
- 10: heat (y)
- 20 (twenty (a soma)
- 30 (thirty (Seoreun)
- 40: forty (want)
- 50 fifty (rhythm)
- 60: sixty (He received)
- 70: seventy (forget it)
- 80: eighty (Yeodeun)
- 90: ninety (miguel)
You won't hear them very often, but the most common use would be to tell someone's age.
Now here is the table from 1 to 99 in the Native American system:
|Korean native numbers: 1-100|
|7||you are (ilgop)|
|38||Seo Eul Yeol (Smiley Deol)|
|42||forty two (maheundul)|
|44||forty four (maheunnet)|
|45||forty five (maheundaseot)|
|47||forty seven (maheulgop)|
|48||forty eight (maheunyeodeol)|
|57||fifty seven (swinilgop)|
|59||fifty nine (swinahop)|
|71||final seventy (illeunhana)|
|74||seventy four (ilheunnet)|
|75||seventy five (ilheundaseot)|
|76||seventy six (ilheunyeoseot)|
|77||seventy seven (ilheungop)|
|78||seventy eight (ilheunyeodeol)|
|85||eighty five (yeodeundaseot)|
|87||eighty seven (yeodeunilgop)|
|88||eighty eight (yeodeunyeodeol)|
|94||ninety four (aheunnet)|
|95||ninety five (aheundaseot)|
|96||ninety six (ahengyeoseot)|
|97||ninety seven (aheunilgop)|
|98||ninety eight (ahenyeodeol)|
|100||백 (baek, Sino-Korean numbers start)|
Big Korean numbers: 1 - 1 trillion!
Now the number stacking method for creating the numbers 11 to 99 works beyond 100. This is how we can create all the numbers up to 999:
- 156: one hundred and fifty-six (baek-o sibyuk)
- 489: four hundred and eighty-nine (sabaek palsibgu)
- 950: neunhundertfünfzig (Gubaek especially)
So we just need to know the next big number to go beyond a trillion! Here you are:
- 1.000: mil (cheon)
- 10,000: ten thousand (men)
- 100,000: one hundred thousand (simman)
- 1,000,000: million (Bachmann)
- 10,000,000: 10 million (Cheonmann)
- 100,000,000: one hundred million (I write)
- 1,000,000,000: billion (Sibeok)
- 1,000,000,000,000: one trillion (iljo)
As you can see, starting from 10,000, smaller numbers are appendedmento make bigger numbers.
Simmanit's just 10 + 10,000, or 10 x 10,000, which is equal to 100,000. The same applies toBachmannthe 100 + 10,000 combined.
Once you get to 10,000, you basically start counting at 10,000 instead of 1,000 like you do in English.
mas observeNoI'm looking for a jobIllinois, "one") for those words, except when you reach one billion. That's because the word itself explains it.
This is because Koreans don't divide their large numbersquitecorrespond to how we do it in English. But don't worry too much about it! Of course, you'll get used to it if you count in Korean.
You might think you won't need these bigger numbers, but in reality, the Korean won (원 in Hangul) is very small compared to the dollar or euro. For example, 1 US Dollar is roughly equivalent to 1,180 Korean Won. So you will see these numbers quite often.
zero in korean
There are two ways to say "zero" in Korean. One is 영 (jang) and the other is 공 (Gong🇧🇷 Why two ways? Well, it's like English. We often say "oh" or "zero".
In Korean they use them very similarly. Where you would say "oh" in English, like in Korean phone numbers, you would say 공 (Gong).
mas zero (jang) is used when you need to say "zero", like in math problems.
korean ordinal numbers
We use native Korean numbers when using ordinal numbers like "first", "second" and "third".
The counterword for ordinal number is 번째 (beonjae🇧🇷 It is added to the end of each number. But the first four ordinal numbers are slightly different.
"First" changes of 헌 (es, "one") to the first (complete) and add the counter 번째 (beonjae🇧🇷 So "first" in Korean is first (cheosbeonjjae).
"Second", "third" and "fourth" use the Korean Amerindian words for "two", "three" and "four", but omit the lower hangul character:
From (to walk, "of") → second (dubeonjjae, "second") three (adjusted to) → third (sebeonjjae, "third") four (The net) → quarto (nebeonjjae, "four")
But after that, you say the number normally and add -번째 (beonjae) until the end. So "fifth" would bedaseosbeonjjae).
months and days in korean
Now that you know how to count in Korean, learning the days of the month in Korean will be a breeze.
That's because months are just the number, but + the word month, which is 월 (wol🇧🇷 Just look:
- january: january (A paper)
- february: february (iwol)
- March: Moon Island (Samwol)
- Abril: Seowol (both)
- But but (want)
- june: june (yuwol)
- july: july (a song)
- august: august (poor)
- september: september (Guwol)
- October: October (tonto)
- november: november (In silence)
- December: December (sibirol)
A quick note here: they often use the Arabic numeral for the month, for example. For example, 1월 instead of 일월. Both are *irwol🇧🇷 But since the months use number words, I've included Hangul.*
However, there are two notable changes: June and October. These two months eliminate the final consonant to make the word easier to pronounce.
To say the day, you need to know a few more words: 년 (nyeon, "ano") e th (Illinois, "Day"). So if you want to say the date is August 26, 2020, say August 26, 2020 (icheon isibnyeon parwol isib yuk-il🇧🇷 Using Arabic numerals, it is written as: 2020년 8월 26일.
Note that in Korean, the year comes first, then the month and day: 8/26/2020.
Korean Counters: How to Count Objects in Korean
In Korean, they have specific words that are used to count different categories of objects. These words are namedbench.
These counters are used with native Korean numbers.
Counters can seem quite strange to a native English speaker because they are much more in Korean than in English. But weagainAlso use them in English. words like acurlof hay or aClipof books are similar counters.
In Korean 개 (gae) is the most common and general counter. You can use it on most non-living things, especially if you don't know which counter to use.
Here are some other common counters:
- For humans: 명 (mieong)
- For animals: Maria (Mari)
- For books: 권 (Has won)
- For cars, vehicles and machines: 대 (dae)
- For age: 살 (Sal)
- For paper: Chapter (jang)
- For slices:Correct)
- By time/hours: 시 (y)
How are these counters used?
When saying how many of something there are, say the noun + the Indian number + the numerator. Looks like it:
a piece of breadppang es jogak"A slice of bread"
seven strawberriesttalgi ilgobgae"Seven Strawberries"
four peoplemyeong grandson"Four people"
How to Say "Number" in Korean + Useful Vocabulary
"Number" in Korean is 숫자 (In silence🇧🇷 Refers to numbers as numerals or digits. So you can't use it for "numbers" like in a phone number. That would be 번호 (beonho).
You may sometimes find yourself trying to do simple math in Korean, like counting money or making change. Here are some words you should know:
- Companion: Companion (amor)
- But but (deohagi)
- Less: Less (paegi)
- Multiply: Multiply (gophagia)
- Divide: Division (Has won)
- point: decimal point (salsa)
- Halb Halb (prohibition)
- The same (and on the floor)
- Total: Total (chong-aek)
korean lucky numbers
Korean superstitions are unique (andthis is a great listfor many of them!). And like in other countries, there are Korean lucky numbers... and lucky numbers.
The lucky numbers in Korea are 3, 7, 8 and 9.
3 is a lucky number for its practicality. It involves hard work and is usually aimed at providing balance.
8 is considered a lucky number for wealth, luck and happiness. Some people may plan important business meetings on the 8th or even choose the 8th of the month as their wedding anniversary for good luck.
9 is also a lucky number in Korea (while it is an unlucky number in Japan). That's because it sounds like the word "enduring" in Chinese. Like the 8, this is a popular number for weddings, business meetings, or anything else important that you want to last.
As in Chinese and Japanese, the number "4" is a bad number because it's like the Chinese word for "death". It is avoided whenever possible. For example, you sometimes see buildings without a fourth floor. And like "Friday the 13th", some also see the 4th of the month as unlucky.
Learning to count in Korean is easy!
Look, knowing Korean numbers isn't that bad. Even considering that there are two systems, they are easy to remember. Hope you used mnemonics to help the words!
Now try using them. One of my favorite tricks for learning numbers is using the microwave to count backwards while cooking. Since I have to count backwards, it helps me avoid memorization and is easy to fit into my day.
How can you start practicing your numbers? Can you count to 10 in Korean when you're angry? Or practice telling time in Korean?
The more you use it, the easier it gets!
And why not try to learnhow to say hello in koreanor see someaddictive korean tv shows?
Study a lot! Battle! 🇧🇷waiting, "Battle!" or "Do your best!")
The same rule applies to (native) Korean numbers: 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷, 다섯, 여섯, 일곱, 여덟, 아홉, and 열. These are the Korean numbers 1 – 10, so what's 11? 열 is 10 and 하나 is one. When you add these together, you get 11, which is “열 하나” in Korean.What is the count of 1 to 100? ›
The native numbers are not the only numbers that the Korean language uses! Korean has two number systems due to the influence of China.How do I start Korean numbers? ›
Mobile number format
For the 11-digit mobile numbers, they start with the three-digit codes 010 before moving on to an 8-number combination that is unique to each number.
|Directory Assistance (local)||114|
|Directory Assistance (long distance)||(city code) + 114|
|International Dialing Information||00794|
There are two sets of numbers in Korean: the native Korean system and the Sino-Korean system. The native numbers are used for numbers of items (1-99) and age, while the Sino-Korean system is based on Chinese numbers and are used for dates, money, addresses, phone numbers, and numbers above 100.How old is 10 in Korean age? ›
|2016||8 years old||여덟 살|
|2015||9 years old||아홉 살|
|2014||10 years old||열 살|
|2013||11 years old||열한 살|
Native Japanese counting: “hitotsu” (1), “futatsu” (2), “mittsu” (3), “yottsu” (4), “itsutsu” (5), “muttsu” (6), “nanatsu” (7), “yattsu” (8), “kokonotsu” (9), and “tou” (10). Sino-Japanese reading can be found in the table below under “English pronunciation.” It has two reading options for numbers 4, 7, and 9.How to say 12000 won in Korean? ›
12,000 won = 만이천 원How many zeros from 1 to 100? ›
So, answer is 11.
Hence, the digit 1 appears in numbers from \[1\] to \[100\] for 21 times.What is 1 * 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 all the way to 100? ›
➡ 5050. Sum of 1+2+3+4...... 100 is 5050.What numbers can equal to 100? ›
The numbers which we multiply to get 100 are the factors of 100. Factors of 100 are written as 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100. Factor pairs are the pairs of two numbers that, when multiplied, give the original number. The pair factor of 100 are (1,100), (2,50), (4,25), (5,20), and (10,10).How do I teach my 5 year old to count to 100? ›
- First gather 100 items that are easily accessible at your home that your child could count (Q-tips, beans, Cheerios, etc.)
- Group the items into a number that your child can easily count to. ...
- Teach your child to count by 10's by grouping the items into ten groups of ten.
As I said earlier, if you're talking about learning the Korean alphabet, then yes, it's completely possible to learn it and be able to read Korean within a week. The Korean Alphabet (Hangul) is made up of letters just like the English alphabet, and it's just a matter of putting them together to make sounds.Is Korean the easiest to learn? ›
Korean is one of the easiest Asian languages to learn. Furthermore, the Korean alphabet is made up of 14 consonants and is known as Hangul. Likewise, Korean has ten vowels with symbols that you will combine into syllable blocks for usages. Similarly, another fun fact about Korean, it is an isolated language.Can I learn Korean in 7 months? ›
How long does it take to learn a language like Korean? It takes three months (90 days) to learn enough Korean to have a 3-minute conversation in Korean if you study for 7-10 hours per week. After one year of studying at this pace, you can become conversationally fluent.What does Imnida mean? ›
Imnida means IT IS in Korean. It is a declarative statement. it is normally used when a person is answering questions or stating a fact. Nidhi Arora. answered on Feb 19, 2022.How do you count pure Korean? ›
- 1 – 하나 (hana)
- 2 – 둘 (dul)
- 3 – 셋 (set)
- 4 – 넷 (net)
- 5 – 다섯 (daseot)
- 6 – 여섯 (yeoseot)
- 7 – 일곱 (ilgob)
- 8 – 여덟 (yeodeol)
This is due to the unique age-calculating-system used in Korea. When a Korean baby is born, he or she is already one years old. When the New Year strikes, on January 1st, every Korean turns one year older. That means that a Korean baby born on December 31st will turn two years old the day after, on January 1st.
|Numerals||Sino Korean Numbers||Hanja|
The government-initiated 010 prefix system is intended to unify the nation's mobile services so that subscribers only have to enter eight digits to call one another, eventually enhancing user convenience and reducing the number of customers who want to retain their 011 number because the more expensive SK Telecom ...What does 어 mean in Korean? ›
어 • (eo) uh-huh, yes. ah!, oh!; conveys surprise, urgency, or strong emotion.How do you say 4 00 in Korean? ›
- o'clock. 두 시 dusi.
- o'clock. 세 시 sesi.
- o'clock. 네 시 nesi.
- o'clock. 다섯 시 daseotsi.
- o'clock. 여섯 시 yeoseotsi.
- o'clock. 일곱 시 ilgopsi.
- o'clock. 여덟 시 yeodeolsi.
- o'clock. 아홉 시 ahopsi.
In Korean, there is no standalone y sound. Instead, the pronunciation is made by adding a vowel to it, such as "yooh" or "ya". In addition to the 10 basic vowels, there are 11 additional vowel combinations in the Korean language.