taffeta weave, ribbed weave, matte weave, basketwork weave, twill weave (2023)

Fabrics are produced in many variants and designs. And with the help of the different designs and effects are created on the fabric multiple useful mechanisms for different tissuesand a lot of design that enhances the look of the pieces. This document aimed to examine the different types of substances and also to review the substances that fall into the different categories of substances.

The simplest and most common type of construction. Cheap to manufacture, durable. Flat and dense surface suitable for printing and other finishing. The simplest of all patterns is plain weave. Each weft thread alternately passes over and under a warp thread. Each warp thread alternately passes over and under each weft thread. Some examples of plain weave fabrics are crepe, taffeta, organza, and muslin. The plain plot can also have variations, including the following:

taffeta weave, ribbed weave, matte weave, basketwork weave, twill weave (1)construction method:Each filler yarn alternately runs under and over the warp yarns

domestic use:Curtains, tablecloths, upholstered furniture.

A variation of taffeta, usually a basket or plaid pattern. Contrasting colors are often used. Inexpensive, less durable than taffeta. The braided stitch is the height and width increase of the flat fabric. Two or more rows must be raised or lowered for each single weft stitch above or below two or more rows. If the groups of threads are the same, it is said that the weave of the basket is regular, otherwise, irregular.

There are two types of ties that fall under this category, namely regular and irregular ties.

a)Normal basket weft:This is often used for drapery embroidery or as a base for very small weft repeats, as the texture is too loose for large weft repeats; In addition, strands from different groups can slip, bunch up and overlap, spoiling the appearance. Therefore, there are only 2-2, 3-3 and 4-4 baskets.

b)Irregular basket fabric:This is usually a combination of irregular warp and weft ribbing.

Construction method: Two or more warp threads interwoven simultaneously with one or more wefts.

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domestic use:rugs, cushions.

Basket example:

  • monk cloth: Heavy cotton cloth in heavy wicker weave mainly used for curtains.
  • Oxford; OxfordWoven fabrics consist of two fine warp threads that are woven into a thick, very soft yarn in the weft direction. The unbalanced construction of the fabric causes the fine threads to break, leaving small holes. Oxford fabrics are mostly used in cotton shirts. It is also used in other clothing.

3. Sarge fabric

Create a diagonal, chevron, crooked tooth, corkscrew, or other design. The motif is engraved with colored thread, it is strong and can develop a shine. Twill stitch is characterized by diagonal grooves formed by the threads exposed on the surface. These can vary in angle from a low slope to a very steep slope. Twill fabrics are firmer, heavier and stronger fabrics than comparable sized fabrics made from fibers and yarns. They can be made into stylish designs.

Construction method:Three or more axes; The warp or weft floats over two or more opposing threads in progressive steps to the right or left

domestic use: Upholstery, comforters, pillows.

taffeta weave, ribbed weave, matte weave, basketwork weave, twill weave (2)types of screens:

Jeans: A strong cotton fabric used for overalls, denim skirts, etc. Largely made from 3/1 twill fabric. The warp thread is usually brown or blue in color and crossed with a white weft..

taffeta weave, ribbed weave, matte weave, basketwork weave, twill weave (3)A raincoat:A warp fabric made primarily from 2/2 twill, 27/2 tex warp, and 20/2 tex cotton weft. Here, the cotton weft is yarn-dyed, but the woolen warp can be dyed like clothing.

taffeta weave, ribbed weave, matte weave, basketwork weave, twill weave (4)

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4. Satin

  • soft and smooth glow
  • Excellent drapeability
  • Floats are easy to attach

Construction method:

  • A warp thread is passed over four or more weft threads and then tied with a thread, resulting in a smooth surface.
  • Common Fabrics: Satin, satin fabrics made from fabrics such as cotton and charmeuse

domestic use:curtains, bedspreads

Examples of fabrics:

  • Satin: It is used for ribbons, trims, dresses, linings, etc. Originally, it was a silk fabric with a finely lustrous surface that was warped into a satin fabric. The warp is much finer and stronger than the weft, and the weft, seen only below, is usually cotton. Double sided satins are made using the reverse warp principle, with one side colored differently than the other.
  • Regenerate:A cotton fabric consists of a 5-thread weave satin and is woven like cotton. Sold in bleached, mercerized or embossed condition.
  • Charming man: It is a lightweight fabric woven with a satin weave in which the warp threads are crossed over three or more ground threads (weft). The front of the fabric has a glossy satin reflective finish, while the back has a matte finish.

5. Jacquard

taffeta weave, ribbed weave, matte weave, basketwork weave, twill weave (5)Jacquard-Muster,With careful consideration, they can contain combinations of plain, twill, and satin weaves, even in the same cross yarn. Many decorative fabrics are made using the jacquard technique. Threads woven into limitless, often intricate designs with multicolored effects. Expensive, but the design won't fade or wear out. Durability depends on the fiber used. The Jacquard loom was invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard.

Construction method:

Warp is individually controlled with each selection pass, creating intricate designs

domestic use:

upholstery, tapestries

Jacquard fabrics:

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  • Brocade:Originally a heavy ornament made of rich silk fiber with embossed figures formed by additional threads or embroidery. It is mainly used for upholstery and decorative fabrics.
  • Damascus:Woven fabric with satin figures on satin warp, twisted or smooth flower, made with silk, cotton, rayon and linen threads. Apricots are reversible.CottonjLinoleumthe apricots are floated with four or seven threads in a satin weave. Longer floats are brighter, but shorter floats are more durable.

6. Gasa pede Gasa

In chiffon or chiffon weaving, the pairs of warp threads are twisted together with each pass of the filler thread. Leno weaving is a modern descendant of a technique called braiding, used to create fabrics thousands of years ago. In leno fabrics, the warp threads are paired. A special fastening, the doup or leno fastening, crosses or overlaps the paired warp threads over each other while the batting passes through the gap between the two warp threads. Leno fabrics are made in open, gauze-like constructions.

Construction method:A pair of warp yarns are twisted together in a figure or hourglass twist on each filler yarn pass, creating a geometric pattern.

domestic use: thermal blankets, curtains

taffeta weave, ribbed weave, matte weave, basketwork weave, twill weave (6)

7. Fur umbrella

Additional sets of warps or wefts are woven over plain weave or twill milled yarn to form loops. Pile fabrics were defined as fabrics with cut or uncut loops that rise well above the surface. Pile fabrics can be made by weaving or by other construction techniques such as tufting, knitting or sewing. To create the loops that appear on the surface of terry fabrics, the weaving process.

Stacked quilts are classified as uncut stacked quilts and cut stacked quilts.

7.1 Uncut Pile
  • Ties are possible on both sides of the fabric.
  • Soft and absorbent, relatively inexpensive.
  • Can be caught if loops are caught

Construction (wire or double fabric method):

Typically a plain or twill weave with a third dimension: an additional warp yarn or filler yarn is inserted into the basic structure and looped at regular intervals.

common fabrics:frieze, towel

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domestic use:Upholstery, towels, rugs, carpets

7.2 Cutting Posts:
  • Soft and warm, resistant, absorbent.
  • Can take a proper nap
  • Can be expensive and requires professional cleaning
  • Construction method:
  • Similar to the uncut staple, but the loops have been cut

domestic use:Upholstery, stage curtains.

Various cut pile fabrics:

Up until:Corded corduroy structures in which a pile of weft forms longitudinal lines or cords are used in heavy, sturdy garments for trouser rings, dinner jackets, and lighter fabrics for garment fabrics.

E:A warp cut velvet fabric with a short, soft and dense velvet.

Up until:A short, tightly woven cotton fabric evenly covered in a short, dense tuft created after the fabric has been woven by cutting specific points of the weft that float a little loosely on the surface.


First of all, I would like to express my deep gratitude to the management of SGS India Private LTD., Gurgaon, for encouraging and guiding me to work on this article.


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What are the 4 materials for weaving? ›

Yarn, wool roving and threads are essential supplies for weaving. For the horizontal lines of your weaving project, the weft, you can use a wide varity of options. From thin threads, to fabric strips, to yarn and wool roving.

What are the 3 main fabric weaves? ›

Textile weaves: discover the three main types and the fabrics that use them. A fabric weave refers to the way warp threads are interwoven with the weft yarns. We have three basic weaves, from which we can then build many other combinations (secondary weaves). The basic weaves are: Plain, Twill and Satin.

What are the types of basic weaves? ›

The basic weaves include plain (or tabby), twills, and satins.

What is basket weave fabric? ›

The basket weave is a variation of the plain weave in which two or more warp yarns cross alternately with two or more filling yarns, resembling a plaited basket. This weave is more pliable and stronger than a plain weave, but is looser and therefore, not as stable.

What is basket weave used for? ›

Basket weave is a very versatile fabric and lends itself to a wide range of weights. It can be used for anything from suits to shirting, and is often used for upholstery and heavyweight bags.

What are the five traditional weaving materials? ›

For example, grasses, bamboo, vines, oak, willow, reeds, and honeysuckle are all commonly used materials for weaving.

What is weaving class 5? ›

The process of intertwining threads together is called weaving. Long threads are woven together to make cloth. A device called 'loom' helps in weaving the clothes.

What are the 4 categories of textiles? ›

Textiles are classified according to their component fibers into silk, wool, linen, cotton, such synthetic fibers as rayon, nylon, and polyesters, and some inorganic fibers, such as cloth of gold, glass fiber, and asbestos cloth.

What are 3 types of textile finishes? ›

With growing demands both in quality as well as properties finishing techniques can be divided into three different parts: Temporary Finish. Semi-durable Finish. Permanent Finish.

What are the three 3 basic weaving operation? ›

These operations include spooling, warping and slashing. In spooling, the yarn is wound on larger spools, or cones, that are placed on a rack known as a creel. From the creel, the yarns are wound on a warp beam, which looks like a huge spool.

Is twill a weave? ›

Twill is one of the three major types of textile weaves, along with satin and plain weaves. The distinguishing characteristic of the twill weave is a diagonal rib pattern.

What is weaving and examples? ›

Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. Other methods are knitting, crocheting, felting, and braiding or plaiting.

What are weave patterns? ›

The texture and design of a fabric is attained with different types of weaving. The warp and weft are interlaced in a particular manner for a definite design. The smallest unit of the weave, which is known as pattern or repeat, is repeated to create the design required in the fabric.

What is stitch Matt weave? ›

Used as grosgrain cloth, mattress cloth,hair cords, blankets etc. Matt is constructed by extending the plain weave both vertically and horizontally. Matt weave finds extensive uses for a great variety of fabrics such as dress materials, shirtings, sail cloth, duck cloth etc.

What is rib weave in textile? ›

Rib weave is a basic weave which produces ribs on the fabric. Resulting fabric is abrasion and tear resistant examples of which are broadcloth, cord fabric, faille, poplin, taffeta etc.

What kind of art is basket weaving? ›

Basketry is the craft of making objects by weaving or coiling together materials like grasses or twigs. The resulting objects are called baskets. Basketry is an ancient craft.

What are the 5 basketry techniques? ›

They include twining, plaiting, twill, rib basketry and random weaving.

How many types of weave are there? ›

Two or more yarns have to be lifted or lowered over or under two or more picks for each plain weave point. When the groups of yarns are equal, the basket weave is termed regular, otherwise it is termed irregular. There two types of weave come under this category i.e. regular and irregular weave.

What are the 5 common weave patterns for yarns fabrics and textiles? ›

Five common weave patterns include:
  • Plain Weave. A plain weave is the simplest, most basic type of fabric weave pattern, assembled by the weft thread running through the warp thread in an 'over and under' sequence. ...
  • Twill. ...
  • Satin. ...
  • Basket Weave. ...
  • Leno Weave.

What is weaving short answers 2? ›

The process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric is called weaving.

What is weaving in art? ›

Weaving is the textile art in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads - called the warp and weft - are interlaced with each other at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. The warp threads run length-ways on the piece of cloth, while the weft runs horizontally.

What is used in mat weaving? ›

The weaving process involves a cotton warp with individual strands of grass inserted by hand. This is the traditional style of weaving the mat, done on a simple frame. A flat piece of wood is used to pack it in place. The grass is dampened to make it supple before inserting it in the weft.

Who are called Weavers? ›

A weaver is a person who weaves cloth, carpets, or baskets.

What are the elements of weaving? ›

In any weaving project, there are 3 weaving design elements – color, texture, and pattern.

What is weaving called? ›

textile: Woven fabrics. In weaving, lengthwise yarns are called warp; crosswise yarns are called weft, or filling. Most woven fabrics are made with their outer edges finished in a manner that avoids raveling; these are called selvages.

What is a loom Class 6 answer? ›

A machine used to weave cloth from threads is called a loom. Weaving of fabric is done on looms. The looms are either hand operated or power operated.

What are looms Class 7? ›

The devices on which weaving of fabrics takes place are called looms.

What are the classification of fabrics? ›

There are mainly three types of fabric, which are in the below: Woven fabric, Knit or knitted fabric, Non-woven fabric.

What are the types of fabric structures? ›

Modern fabric structures belong to two main categories — tensile structures that use flexible materials for their framework and rigid frame structures that stretch membrane fabric over solid metal frames.

What are 4 clothing functions? ›

Clothing can insulate against cold or hot conditions, and it can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. It can protect feet from injury and discomfort or facilitate navigation in varied environments. Clothing also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation.

What are the types of textile design? ›

Textile design is further broken down into three major disciplines, printed textile design, woven textile design, and mixed media textile design, each of which use different methods to produce a surface ornamented fabric for variable uses and markets.

What are the 3 segments of the textile industry? ›

There are three individual industries covered—textile mills, textile product mills, and apparel manufacturing. Textile mills provide the raw material to make apparel and textile products.

How many basic weaves are there? ›

There are three basic weaves, plain, satin and twill weave.

What is correct sequence of weaving process? ›

The sequence of primary operations in one weaving cycle is thus shedding, picking, and beating in.

What pattern is twill? ›

Twill is a type of textile weave with a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs. It is one of three fundamental types of textile weaves along with plain weave and satin.

What texture is twill? ›

Twill fabric is easily recognizable because of the noticeable diagonal weave or texture. A twill is made by weaving each warp and weft threads over and under two vertical threads to create a distinctive diagonal pattern. Twill fabric is softer and thicker than poplin, and is also resistant to creases and easy to iron.

Is Silk a twill weave? ›

At it's most basic, Silk Twill is of course a fabric made from Silk. Silk is a natural fibre produced by silkworms. This is where the magic of silk begins! Silk Twill is in turn a light or light-mid-weight material that is manufactured in an even twill weave.

Does weave mean hair? ›

What Is a Weave? A weave is a method of installing hair extensions that involves sewing the pieces of extensions or wefts into the hair. In most cases, the client's hair is braided into cornrows or tracks. The extensions used for a weave are gathered at the top and fastened together to create a hair piece.

What is weaving for Class 4? ›

The process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric is called weaving.

What is the process of weaving class 4? ›

The process of intertwining threads together is called weaving. Long threads are woven together to make cloth. A device called 'loom' helps in weaving the clothes.

What are the different methods of weaving? ›

The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave. The majority of woven products are created with one of three basic weaves: plain weave, satin weave, or twill weave.

What is a 4 shaft weaving loom? ›

The four shaft looms fold flat, even with your weaving in place, making them ideal for taking to workshops or guild meetings. Features. Smooth lacquer finish. Portable. Easy to use and versatile.

Whats weave means? ›

wove ˈwōv or weaved; woven ˈwō-vən or weaved; weaving. transitive verb. : to form (cloth) by interlacing strands (as of yarn) specifically : to make (cloth) on a loom by interlacing warp and filling threads. : to interlace (threads) into cloth.

What is called weaving? ›

weaving, production of fabric by interlacing two sets of yarns so that they cross each other, normally at right angles, usually accomplished with a hand- or power-operated loom.

What are yarns made of Class 6? ›

Yarns are made up of thin strands called fibres. The process of making yam from fibres is called spinning. In this process, a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. This brings the fibres together to form yarn.

What is called weaving class 6? ›

Weaving is a method of textile production in which two or more distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced to form a fabric or cloth.

What are the four weaving techniques in basketry? ›

There are four different types of basketry methods: coiling, plaiting, twining, and wicker. Some of the terms that are specific to basket weaving include loops, twining, ribs, and spokes.

What is a 2 harness loom? ›

Two Harness Weave - Aka Weaving With Two Harnesses.

On a loom with two harnesses set up, one harness carries the odd numbers and the other harness carries the even numbers of threads. The harnesses are raised one after the other, and the shuttle passed through.

What is an 8 shaft loom? ›

The eight shaft looms fold flat, even with your weaving in place, making them ideal for taking to workshops or guild meetings. Features Smooth ...Read more. Popular because they are portable, easy to use and so versatile, the Ashford table looms are in demand with both beginner and experienced weavers.

What is a loom Class 6? ›

The devices on which weaving of fabrics takes place are called looms. The looms are either hand operated or power operated.


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